Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
The uterus is a pear-shaped organ where a baby grows in during pregnancy. The lining of the uterus undergoes cyclic changes to facilitate and maintain pregnancy. The uterus is joined to the vagina by the cervix. The vagina is a muscular passageway that extends from the cervix to the external female genitalia.
Am I at Risk
Risk factors for pelvic inflammatory disease:
_____ Teenagers that are sexually active before the age of 20 have an increased risk for pelvic inflammatory disease. The National Institutes of Health estimate that 1 in 8 sexually active teenage females develops pelvic inflammatory disease before the age of 20.
_____ Having multiple sex partners increases your risk of contracting the sexually transmitted diseases associated with pelvic inflammatory disease.
_____ If you have a past history of sexually transmitted diseases or pelvic inflammatory disease, your risk is increased.
_____ IUD placement may increase your risk for pelvic inflammatory disease.
_____ Certain recent gynecological procedures, including childbirth, miscarriage, abortion, or endometrial biopsy may increase your risk for contact with the bacteria that causes pelvic inflammatory disease.
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The iHealthSpot patient education library was written collaboratively by the iHealthSpot editorial team which includes Senior Medical Authors Dr. Mary Car-Blanchard, OTD/OTR/L and Valerie K. Clark, and the following editorial advisors: Steve Meadows, MD, Ernie F. Soto, DDS, Ronald J. Glatzer, MD, Jonathan Rosenberg, MD, Christopher M. Nolte, MD, David Applebaum, MD, Jonathan M. Tarrash, MD, and Paula Soto, RN/BSN. This content complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. The library commenced development on September 1, 2005 with the latest update/addition on February 16, 2022. For information on iHealthSpot’s other services including medical website design, visit www.iHealthSpot.com.